How to Launch MODX on AWS?

11 minutes read

To launch MODX on AWS (Amazon Web Services), follow these steps:

  1. Create an AWS account and sign in to the AWS Management Console.
  2. Go to the EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud) service.
  3. Click on "Launch Instance" to start the instance launch wizard.
  4. Choose an Amazon Machine Image (AMI) that is compatible with MODX. Look for an AMI that supports a Linux distribution like Ubuntu or Amazon Linux.
  5. Select the instance type based on your requirements, such as the amount of CPU, memory, and storage you need.
  6. Configure the instance details like network settings, subnet, security groups, and other options based on your specific needs.
  7. In the storage section, select the desired amount of storage for your MODX installation.
  8. Configure any additional settings like monitoring, tagging, and user data (if needed).
  9. In the security groups section, define the necessary inbound and outbound rules to allow access to the MODX installation. For example, you might need to open ports for HTTP (port 80) and HTTPS (port 443) to access your MODX site over the internet.
  10. Review the instance launch details and make any necessary changes.
  11. Finally, click on "Launch" to start the MODX instance. You will be prompted to select or create an SSH key pair to securely connect to the instance.
  12. After launching the instance, you can connect to it using SSH or other remote desktop protocols. Follow the instructions provided by the AWS console to connect to your instance.
  13. Once connected, you need to install MODX on the server. This process may vary depending on your chosen Linux distribution and server configuration. Follow the MODX installation instructions provided by the official MODX documentation.
  14. After the installation, you can access your MODX installation by navigating to the public IP address or domain name associated with your AWS EC2 instance.

Remember to configure proper security measures like server hardening, firewalls, backups, and regular maintenance to ensure the security and stability of your MODX installation on AWS.

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How to configure email sending in MODX on AWS?

To configure email sending in MODX on AWS, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to the AWS Management Console.
  2. Go to the AWS Simple Email Service (SES) service.
  3. Click on "Domains" in the sidebar and verify your domain. This is necessary for sending emails from your own domain.
  4. After verifying your domain, go to "SMTP settings" and note down the SMTP server name and port number.
  5. In your MODX installation, go to the "System" menu and open the "System Settings" page.
  6. Search for the "mail_smtp_server" setting and enter the SMTP server name you noted down from AWS SES.
  7. Search for the "mail_smtp_port" setting and enter the port number you noted down from AWS SES.
  8. Search for the "mail_smtp_user" setting and enter your AWS SES SMTP username.
  9. Search for the "mail_smtp_pass" setting and enter your AWS SES SMTP password.
  10. Save the changes.
  11. Test the email sending functionality by sending a test email from MODX.

Make sure you have already set up AWS SES properly before configuring MODX to use it for sending emails.

What is Amazon CloudFront?

Amazon CloudFront is a fast content delivery network (CDN) service provided by Amazon Web Services. It is designed to deliver static, dynamic, and streaming content with low latency and high data transfer speeds to users across the globe. CloudFront caches content in edge locations situated around the world, reducing the distance and time it takes for users to access the content. This helps improve the performance, availability, and scalability of websites, applications, or APIs by delivering content from the nearest edge location to the user's location.

How to create an AWS account?

To create an AWS (Amazon Web Services) account, you can follow these steps:

  1. Go to the AWS website ( and click on the "Sign In to the Console" button.
  2. On the next page, click on the "Create a new AWS account" button.
  3. Fill in the required details on the "Create an AWS Account" page, including your email address, password, and an AWS account name. Make sure to use a valid email address as you will need to verify it.
  4. Choose "Personal" or "Professional" as your account type and provide the necessary personal or business information.
  5. Read and accept the AWS customer agreement, the AWS service terms, and the AWS privacy notice.
  6. Choose your support plan. AWS offers a basic support plan for free, but you can also opt for a higher level of support by selecting a different plan if needed.
  7. Enter your payment information. AWS requires a valid credit card to verify your identity and prevent abuse of the AWS services. However, some services may have free tiers or limited free usage available.
  8. Click on the "Create Account and Continue" button.
  9. You will be redirected to a verification page. AWS will send a verification code to the email address you provided earlier. Enter the code to verify your email and account.
  10. Set up your billing preferences, which include selecting your currency, providing your address details, and choosing your tax registration type.
  11. Once you have completed the setup, your AWS account should be created, and you can start using AWS services.

Remember to familiarize yourself with the AWS services, pricing, and security best practices to make the most out of your AWS account.

What are the backup best practices for MODX on AWS?

Here are some backup best practices for MODX on AWS:

  1. Use Amazon RDS for Database: Use Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS) to host your MODX database. RDS provides automated backups, multi-AZ deployment for high availability, and easy scaling options.
  2. Enable Automated Database Backups: Enable automatic backups for your RDS instance. This will enable point-in-time recovery and allow you to restore your database to a specific time in case of any issues.
  3. Regularly Back up MODX Files: Create regular backups of your MODX files, including the core, assets, plugins, and customizations. You can use AWS S3 or an external storage solution to store these backups.
  4. Implement Version Control for MODX Files: Use a version control system like Git to track and manage changes to your MODX files. This will allow you to revert to a previous version if needed.
  5. Store Backups in Multiple Locations: Distribute your backups across multiple AWS regions or data centers to ensure redundancy and protect against data loss due to regional outages or disasters.
  6. Test Backup and Restore Processes: Regularly test your backup and restore processes to ensure they are working correctly. This will help you identify any issues and make necessary adjustments.
  7. Set Up Monitoring and Alerts: Set up monitoring and alerts to notify you of any backup failures or issues. This will ensure that you are promptly notified in case of any backup failures.
  8. Create a Disaster Recovery Plan: Develop a comprehensive disaster recovery plan that includes backup and restore procedures, as well as steps to recover from various scenarios such as hardware failures, software errors, and data breaches.
  9. Automate Backups: Use AWS services like AWS Lambda and AWS CloudWatch Events to automate the backup process. This will help ensure backups are performed regularly and without manual intervention.
  10. Encrypt Backups: Encrypt your MODX backups to protect sensitive data. AWS provides several encryption options, such as AWS Key Management Service (KMS) and AWS S3 server-side encryption, to secure your backups.

Remember to regularly review and update your backup strategy as your MODX application evolves and your data grows.

How to troubleshoot common issues with MODX on AWS?

Here are some steps to troubleshoot common issues with MODX on AWS:

  1. Check the logs: The MODX error logs are a valuable resource to identify the root cause of the issue. Access the logs located in the MODX installation directory's "core/logs/" folder. Look for any error messages or warnings. Analyze the content of the logs to determine the cause of the problem.
  2. Verify the server configuration: Ensure that the server meets the requirements specified by MODX, including PHP version, database software, and server modules. Make sure all necessary PHP extensions are installed and properly configured. Review the MODX documentation and compare it to your server configuration to identify any discrepancies.
  3. Test database connectivity: Check if MODX is able to connect to the database. You can do this by creating a simple PHP script and executing it on your server. The script should attempt to connect to the database using the credentials specified in MODX. If the connection fails, verify the database credentials and make sure the database server is reachable.
  4. Clear the cache: Sometimes, issues can arise due to cached data. Clearing MODX's cache can help resolve certain problems. Access the MODX dashboard and navigate to the "System" menu, then click on "Clear Cache". Alternatively, you can manually delete the "core/cache/" folder.
  5. Disable plugins and extras: If the issue occurs after installing or updating a plugin or extra, try disabling them one by one to identify the problematic one. Deactivate each plugin or extra via the MODX dashboard and test if the issue persists. If the problem disappears after disabling a specific plugin or extra, contact the developer for further assistance.
  6. Check file permissions: Incorrect file permissions can cause various issues. Ensure that the files and directories in the MODX installation have the correct permissions. Typically, directories should have a permission of 755, and files should have a permission of 644. You can use the following commands to set the correct permissions: find /path/to/modx/installation/ -type d -exec chmod 755 {} \; find /path/to/modx/installation/ -type f -exec chmod 644 {} \;
  7. Review recent changes: If the issue started occurring after making changes to the MODX installation, revert those changes and test if the problem persists. It's worth checking if any recent updates to the server or MODX itself caused the issue.
  8. Search MODX community and forums: If you were unable to resolve the issue using the above steps, search the MODX community forums and online community resources. Many common issues have been discussed and resolved by the MODX community. Reach out to the community for any specific problems you encounter.

If the problem still persists or you are unable to identify the cause, consider reaching out to MODX support or hiring a developer with experience in MODX and AWS to assist you in troubleshooting the issue.

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