How to Create A Form In the Yii 2 Framework?

7 minutes read

To create a form in the Yii 2 framework, you can follow these steps:

  1. First, create a new form model class by extending the yii\base\Model class. This serves as the model for the form data and validation. Define attributes for the form fields as public properties in this class.
  2. In the form model class, implement the rules() method to define validation rules for each attribute. Yii provides various validation rules such as required, string, email, etc. These rules will determine whether the form data is valid or not.
  3. Next, create a controller action that will be responsible for rendering and processing the form. In this action, create an instance of the form model class and pass it to the view.
  4. In the view file corresponding to the controller action, you can use Yii's ActiveForm widget to generate the form HTML. This widget simplifies the process of creating forms by automatically configuring form attributes, validation, and submission. You can define form fields using methods of the ActiveForm widget, specifying the model and attribute name.
  5. Customize the form fields as needed by using the available options and attributes of the ActiveForm widget. For example, you can add labels, placeholders, default values, and error messages.
  6. Besides the form fields, you can also add additional HTML elements, buttons, or any other desired components within the ActiveForm widget block.
  7. To handle the form submission, you can modify the controller action to check if the request is a POST request and load the form data into the model using the load() method. Then, validate the model using the validate() method. If the model is valid, you can process the form data and redirect the user to a success page. If the model is invalid, you can display the validation errors in the form view.


These steps provide a basic idea of creating a form in the Yii 2 framework. Yii provides extensive documentation and examples on creating and customizing forms, including handling advanced form scenarios like file uploads or dependent dropdowns.

Best Yii Framework Books of April 2024

1
Yii 2 Speed: Getting Up To Speed With Yii 2

Rating is 5 out of 5

Yii 2 Speed: Getting Up To Speed With Yii 2

2
Yii2 Quick Start Guide - Mastering Yii 2

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

Yii2 Quick Start Guide - Mastering Yii 2

3
Yii 2 Development: Bring A Map Through The Halls Of Yii 2 Development

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

Yii 2 Development: Bring A Map Through The Halls Of Yii 2 Development

How can I install Yii 2 on my local development environment?

To install Yii 2 on your local development environment, follow these steps:

  1. Make sure your system meets the requirements: PHP version 5.4.0 or higher Composer dependency management tool installed (https://getcomposer.org/)
  2. Open your terminal or command prompt and navigate to the directory where you want to install Yii 2.
  3. Run the following command to create a new Yii 2 project: composer create-project --prefer-dist yiisoft/yii2-app-basic project-name Replace "project-name" with the desired name for your project. This command will download and install Yii 2 along with its dependencies.
  4. Once the installation is complete, navigate to the project directory: cd project-name
  5. Run the following command to start the built-in PHP web server for your project: php yii serve
  6. Open your web browser and access the URL http://localhost:8080 or http://127.0.0.1:8080 to see the default Yii 2 application homepage.


You have now successfully installed Yii 2 on your local development environment. You can start developing your application by modifying the files in the "project-name" directory.

How can I create a form with conditional fields in Yii 2?

To create a form with conditional fields in Yii 2, you can use JavaScript and the Yii Active Form widget. Here are the steps you can follow:

  1. Define the form fields in your view file using the ActiveForm widget. For example:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
<?php $form = ActiveForm::begin(); ?>

<?= $form->field($model, 'name')->textInput() ?>

<?= $form->field($model, 'gender')->dropDownList(['male' => 'Male', 'female' => 'Female']) ?>

<?= $form->field($model, 'age')->textInput() ?>

<?php ActiveForm::end(); ?>


  1. Use JavaScript to show or hide the conditional fields based on the value of another field. Yii 2 provides the yii\web\View::registerJs() method to register a JavaScript code. For example:
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
<?php
$script = <<< JS
$(document).ready(function(){
    var genderField = $('#yourform-gender');
    var ageField = $('#yourform-age');

    ageField.hide();

    genderField.change(function(){
        if(genderField.val() == 'female'){
            ageField.show();
        }else{
            ageField.hide();
        }
    });
});
JS;

$this->registerJs($script);
?>


In the above example, we select the gender and age fields using their respective IDs #yourform-gender and #yourform-age. We hide the age field by default and listen to the change event of the gender field. If the gender field value is "female", we show the age field; otherwise, we hide it.

  1. Replace "yourform" with the actual ID of your form in the JavaScript code. You can use the id attribute of the form to get its ID, or manually set a custom ID using the options parameter of the ActiveForm widget.


By following these steps, you can create a form with conditional fields in Yii 2.

How do I handle form submission and processing in Yii 2?

In Yii 2, you can handle form submission and processing using the ActiveForm and ActiveFormModel classes.


Here are the steps to handle form submission and processing in Yii 2:

  1. Create a new action in your controller to render the form view and process the form submission.
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
public function actionCreate()
{
    $model = new YourModel();

    if ($model->load(Yii::$app->request->post()) && $model->validate()) {
        // Process the form data
        // Save the model or perform other actions
        return $this->redirect(['view', 'id' => $model->id]);
    }

    return $this->render('create', [
        'model' => $model,
    ]);
}


  1. Create a new view file for the form, such as create.php and render the form using ActiveForm.
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
use yii\widgets\ActiveForm;

$form = ActiveForm::begin();

// Render form fields
echo $form->field($model, 'attribute1');
echo $form->field($model, 'attribute2');

// Render submit button
echo \yii\helpers\Html::submitButton('Submit', ['class' => 'btn btn-primary']);

ActiveForm::end();


  1. In your model, define the rules for the attributes that will be validated when the form is submitted.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
public function rules()
{
    return [
        [['attribute1', 'attribute2'], 'required'],
        // Other validation rules
    ];
}


  1. After submitting the form, the load() method of the model will populate the model attributes with the form data. The validate() method will validate the attributes against the defined rules. If the validation succeeds, you can process the form data, such as saving the model to the database.
  2. Use $this->redirect() to redirect the user to another page after processing the form, such as the view page with the saved data.


That's it! You have now handled form submission and processing in Yii 2 using ActiveForm and ActiveFormModel.

Twitter LinkedIn Telegram Whatsapp

Related Posts:

To create a blog in the Yii Framework, you can follow these steps:Install Yii Framework: Begin by downloading and installing the Yii Framework on your server. You can find the installation guide on the Yii website. Create a new Yii application: Use the Yii com...
Ajax (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a powerful technology used to create dynamic and responsive web applications. In Yii, a PHP framework, Ajax can be easily integrated to enhance the user experience.To use Ajax in Yii, you need to follow these basic ste...
To install the Yii framework on XAMPP, you can follow the steps below:Download the Yii framework from the official website (https://www.yiiframework.com/download). Choose the latest stable version that suits your needs. Extract the downloaded Yii framework arc...